variables and hypothesis of gold mining in south africa

variables and hypothesis of gold mining in south africa

  • Exchange rate adjustments as an element of a development strategy

    agricultural and nongoldmining. sectors. The variable. YI describes a weighted sum of the combined index of the imports of South Africa's five major trading partner countries and reflects movements in the international economy and the resulting international demand for. South African goods. The variable Pc represents.

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  • Institutional impediments to growth in the mining sector in South Africa

    century while other countries have experienced growth in this sector. The mining sector in. South Africa makes a significant contribution to the South African economy through direct and indirect jobs, taxes, .. Hypothesis 2: South African mining production in four key commodities gold, platinum, coal and iron‐ore output 

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  • Gold mining and eduion: a longrun resource curse in Africa?

    Keywords: Eduion, mineral resources, gold mining, survey data, Africa. JEL codes: H70, O10, D74 In line with this hypothesis, we provide microlevel evidence that men and women have lower levels of .. Afrobarometer (the problem was that there was a border town in South Africa with the same name as a district in 

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  • Framework for mining community consultation based on discrete

    Conga copper and gold mine in Peru, which was halted in 2012 due to opposition from local residents worried . hypothesis in this research: project sustainability is a key determinant of community acceptance. .. Hunter, M. (2007) 'The changing political economy of in South Africa: the significance of unemployment 

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  • 1 ENVIRONMENTAL AND HEALTH IMPACT OF MINING ON

    that hold stake in the mining and related environmental and health issues were contacted Air and noise pollution are also evident in the area. The hypothesis that residents' appreciation of mining effects on the environments is affected by their years of .. The gold industry is also responsible for 56% of South Africa's mine.

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  • Economies of Scale in Gold Mining African Development Bank

    It covers 30 gold mines in. 7 African countries. The 7 countries (Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger and. South Africa) account for 83% of Africa's total gold production over the 20052010 period (US. Geological Survey 2011). The summary statistics of the key variables used in the analysis are presented 

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  • Modelling the rand and commodity prices: A Granger (SciELO) SA

    This paper examines the 'commodity currency' hypothesis of the Rand, that is, the postulate that the currency moves in line with commodity prices, and analyses the associated . The author finds that economic fundamentals, especially the real prices of South African mineral commodities, are significant and important.

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  • Trends in silicosis prevalence and the healthy worker effect among

    Trends in silicosis prevalence and the healthy worker effect among gold miners in South Africa: a prevalence study with follow up of employment status. David KnightEmail author, Rodney Ehrlich, Katherine Fielding, Hannah Jeffery, Alison Grant and Gavin Churchyard. BMC Public Health201515:1258.

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  • Mining and Risk of Tuberculosis in SubSaharan Africa NCBI NIH

    In large mining countries like South Africa, over 40% of these workers have been foreign, which can lead to transmission of TB from miners to others in their home . Using a dummy variable for whether a country mined for gold or not, we observed that countries that mined for gold had, on average, 32.4% higher TB 

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  • The effects of strikes in the South African gold mining industry Core

    Mar 12, 2013 The recent spate of strikes in the mining sector in South Africa has created a perceived nervousness .. Hypothesis One (H1A): Protected strikes in the gold mining industry have a negative impact on share . Due to the wide spectrum of variables that affect investor decision making there are significant 

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  • Platinum & Passes South African Institute of International Affairs

    Platinum mining is a major engine of South Africa's economy, producing exports and generating employment and the township of Soweto took place on the back of the 'Witwatersrand Gold Rush' of the late 1800s. shows the intervention variables that were created by the research team for all the schools in North West 

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  • Labour time in South African gold mines South African History Online

    Apr 25, 1999 The core question of this thesis is why working time in South African gold mining has been so stable and occluded independent variable, around which a more adequate understanding of gold and platinum research hypotheses dissolve in the pool of the light of the head lamp against hard rock.

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  • "Cointegration analysis with structural breaks: South Africa's gold

    2015 obtained from INET BFA database. Table 1 shows the variable description and symbols used in this paper. Table 1. Description of variables and corresponding symbols. Description of variable. Symbol. Gold mining index at time t. GMIt. United States of America Dollar to South African. Rand exchange rate at time t.

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  • Estimating The Continuous Risk Of Accidents Occurring In The

    Dec 10, 2014 knowledge around predictive safety modelling. From the above discussed problem, the following null hypothesis is derived,. H0: 'A multivariate mathematical model cannot be used to link circumstantial variables to estimate the continuous risk of accidents occurring pertinent to the South African mining.

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  • Corporate Social Responsibility in the Ghanaian Mining Industry

    Operationalization of Hypothesized Variables . hypotheses. I used secondary data in the quantitative analysis. Data from the 2012 AKOBEN. Program was used for 10 active gold mining organizations in Ghana. I gathered and The sample of organizations was limited to operating gold mines in Ghana, West Africa.

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  • Empirical correlation of mineral commodity prices with SAIMM

    Aug 8, 2011 The Journal of The Southern African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. VOLUME 111 Actual data for three commodities, namely gold, silver, and copper, were used for testing the hypothesis. These three commodities were selected because their stock .. explains the relationship between two variables.

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  • determinants of gold price: using simple and multiple linear

    objectives, research question, hypothesis of study, significance of study and chapter layout. . the gold production in South Africa from 1970 to 1995. . variables. Simple linear regression model was carried out to test the significance of relationship for each independent variable towards gold price. Next, multiple linear.

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  • An investigation into the relationship between the gold price and

    Feb 6, 2017 FullText Paper (PDF): An investigation into the relationship between the gold price and South African gold mining industry returns. funds and also found evidence of a leveraged relationship between the two variables with. gold mutual funds being .. resultant Fstatistic, the null hypothesis is rejected.

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  • Efficient Market Hypothesis in South Africa Fakulteta za management

    This study investigates the weak form efficient market hypothesis (emh) . panies index, the industrials index, the financial index, the mining index and the gold index. .. Efficient Market Hypothesis in South Africa 381 table 4 Threshold Regression Estimates and Tests of Linearity. Variable alsi. Top40. Ind. Fin. Min. Gold.

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  • Mining Sector and Economic Growth in Southern African Economies TIPS

    from vast amounts of diamonds, platinum, coal, gold, asbestos, iron, nickel, chrome and other varied kinds of minerals (UNCTAD, 2015 Cawood and Oshokoya, 2013b Kostad and Soreide,. 2009). Despite the abundance mineral resources, the mining industry in Southern Africa has undergone major turmoil in the past two 

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  • Mineral prices and the exchange rate: what does the HSRC

    The review finds evidence that in South Africa mineral prices are a significant determinant of the real . According to et al (1997) the latter variable in SA has tended to reflect gold price changes where reserves in .. In an empirical analysis of the Dutch Disease hypothesis, Stijns (2003) using a gravity model approach 

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  • Effects of artisanal gold mining activities on soil properties in a part

    Apr 4, 2017 The main hypothesis is that sites of artisanal gold mining activities are characterized by higher concentrations of toxic metals than the farmland and forest Nigeria is one of the countries in the subSaharan Africa where mining formed huge source of export prior to oil boom period in 1970s (Ericsson, 1991 

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  • Economies of Scale in Gold Mining African Development Bank

    It covers 30 gold mines in. 7 African countries. The 7 countries (Botswana, Burkina Faso, Ghana, Guinea, Mali, Niger and. South Africa) account for 83% of Africa's total gold production over the 20052010 period (US. Geological Survey 2011). The summary statistics of the key variables used in the analysis are presented 

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  • What is Driving the Gold Price? The South African Financial

    This is of interest to the business community, government, the mining industry, bullion banks and investors. This research thus aims to shed some light on a select number of variables that have shown both theoretical and empirical links with the demand for gold, and which the author believes are responsible for driving the 

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  • On the efficiency of the global gold markets ScienceDirect

    Results for gold markets in Australia, Bahrain, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, India, Malaysia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand and . However, unlike the RWS, the MDS has the unique capacity to relax the strict gaussianrandom variable assumption underlying the RWS hypothesis to permit for 

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  • Mining and Risk of Tuberculosis in SubSaharan Africa NCBI NIH

    In large mining countries like South Africa, over 40% of these workers have been foreign, which can lead to transmission of TB from miners to others in their home . Using a dummy variable for whether a country mined for gold or not, we observed that countries that mined for gold had, on average, 32.4% higher TB 

    >>Details
  • The Role of Mining in the South African Economy Semantic Scholar

    gregate South African mining sectors: Coal, Gold & Uranium and Diamond. & Other Mining.3 We examine .. is not the explanatory variables, but the responsiveness of labour usage to change particularly in output, .. vestigation of the present subsection is suggestive of a plausible hypothesis on the mining labour market: 

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  • The Impact of Gold Price on the Value of Gold Mining Stock

    (1983) in an examination of a hypothesis by Keynes (1936) derived and tested a model that shows that the short run elasticity of grade with respect to gold price in. South African production is negative. This curious result comes about because of. South African regulation that requires that the mine adjust production to "mine 

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